Above: Jamestown, Virginia
First European settlement, St. Augustine, 1565
St. Augustine, Florida is the oldest continuously occupied European-established settlement within the borders of the United States, founded in 1565. The masonry Spanish fort Castillo de San Marcos, built in 1672, is a national monument.
First English settlement, Jamestown, 1607
Jamestown is the first English settlement in North America. It is on the banks of the James River in southern Virginia.
First flight, Kitty Hawk, 1903
The Kitty Hawk National Memorial, honoring the spot where the Wright Brothers first powered flight happened, will not be under water when the sea rises five feet—Kill Devil Hills on North Carolina's Outer Banks is thick and deep with sand. However, this is one of those areas that will be isolated as other parts of the island go under water, along with roads and utilities that connect it to the mainland.
When the Wright Brothers Monument was built in 1927, the sand dunes that the Wrights flew on were planted with grass to stabilize the sand from moving—which is what dunes want to do. You have to travel a few miles south to Jockey Ridge State Park to get a sense of the wide vista of sand dunes.
First shot of the Civil War, Fort Sumter, 1861
In Charleston Harbor on April 12, 1861, Confederate artillery opened fire on this Federal fort in South Carolina. Today it is a National Monument only accessible by boats operated by the National Park Service.